What is the CICA claims process for criminal injuries and how does it work?
If you suffer an injury or injuries as a victim of a violent crime, then you could be entitled to financial compensation through the government’s Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). Founded in 1996, the CICA was set up by the UK government to compensate victims of violent crime, both physical and sexual, in England, Scotland, and Wales.
While the CICA claims process is a great scheme, which accounts for and provides compensation for the victims of over 300 types of injury, many victims can be confused and overwhelmed at the process. Our expert personal injury solicitors are here to help. Below is a guide to CICA, including how the process works, how long a CICA claim will take, and how to appeal for a review of a CICA decision.
Am I eligible for a Criminal Injuries Compensation Claim through CICA?
Generally speaking, there are three major factors that come into play when considered whether or not you are eligible to make a successful claim through CICA.
Whether or not you were in fact the direct victim of a crime
The location of the incident
Where or not the incident was reported to the police
CICA consider a direct victim of a crime to be someone who was injured as a result of said crime. However, it is also possible for the bereaved families who have lost someone close to them as a result of a violent crime to make a claim.
What kind of criminal injuries can I claim for through CICA?
The CICA scheme covers, and offer financial compensation for victims of, a wide range of different injuries resulting from criminal attacks. Below is an overview of what the scheme considers claims for, as stated on the gov.uk website:
mental or physical injury following a crime of a violent nature
sexual or physical abuse
special expenses payments - these payments can cover certain costs you may have incurred as a direct result of an incident, such as care costs. You can only request special expenses if your injuries mean you have been unable to work for more than 28 weeks
loss of earnings - where you are unable to, whether for physical or mental reasons, as the direct result of a criminal injury
a fatality caused by a crime of violence including bereavement payments, payments for loss of parental services and financial dependency, and funeral payments
While these payments are all available through the scheme, it is important to remember that they will only be paid out if your application meets all of the rules and regulations of the scheme, as outlined earlier on this page.
What evidence will I need for my criminal injury CICA claim?
It is important to ensure that your application is as full and detailed as possible, in order to make it more likely that your claim will be accepted and you will receive the criminal injuries compensation that you deserve.
Here at MG Legal, we work closely with all of our clients throughout the process to ensure that this is the case. However, if you are thinking of beginning a CICA application and want to be best prepared to do so, you will require the following information for your claim:
The exact time, date, and location of the crime
The circumstances or events of the crime
The name and address of the police station at which the incident was reported
The crime reference number that was given
The name of your GP and address of the medical centre
The details of any other medical facilities or hospitals that you visited in connection with your injury
Details of any unspent criminal convictions you have
How long do I have to pursue an application to CICA?
Generally speaking, you have two years from the date of the crime from which the injuries were sustained to make a claim through CICA. This is one year less than the three-year window that you would have to make a standard personal injury claim.
There are, however, exceptions to these rules. If you have been unfortunate enough to be subject to physical or sexual abuse as a minor, then this two-year window does not apply to your claim.
How much money am I entitled to for my criminal injury claim?
The compensation that is awarded through the scheme is based on a tariff scheme. The severity and extent of your injuries will determine which tariff your claim will fall under, and how much financial compensation you could be entitled to.
If, for example, you are making a claim for numerous injuries of varying severity, you could be entitled to:
100% of the tariff for the most serious injury/injuries that you have sustained
30% of the tariff for the second injury, whether it be equal or second highest in severity and pain
15% of the available tariff amount for any of the further
How long does criminal injury compensation take?
As will all personal injury claims, the length of time that a claim going through CICA will take depends on the individual circumstances. As a general rule of thumb, it is common that from start to finish the process will take around 12 months. However, this does not mean that there will be consistent action and updates regarding your claim throughout this time.
How can MG Legal help me with my claim for CICA criminal injuries compensation?
While you can, as a victim of a violent crime, pursue a claim application to CICA yourself, the process can be made much easier by entrusting our expert personal injury solicitors to help. Our specialised personal injury solicitors have recently settled substantial claims for head and brain injuries, foot injuries, neck and shoulder injuries, hip and knee injuries, and many more.
If you instruct MG Legal on your CICA claim, then we will be sure to keep up to date with the application on your behalf, requiring you to act only if there is any additional information or details are needed. Our experts have over thirty years of experience within personal injury law, and are well experienced in working alongside CICA with claim applications.
Your designated personal injury solicitor will be on hand to assist with any step of the claim process from start to finish, and to answer any questions you may have within one working hour. Before you submit or send off any part of the application, they will sit down and assess the documents to ensure that you have not forgotten anything important or made any mistakes on the forms. This can prevent any delays in the process and ensure that your claim is accepted from the outset, avoiding the need for any appeal process.
Our specialist personal injury solicitors accept all cases, including CICA claims, on a No Win No Fee basis, and are able to do so because of their success rate of over 99%. This essentially means that if we do not win the case, and win financial compensation on behalf of our client, then we do not receive any form of payment and our client does not owe us anything.
If you have been injured in a violent crime of a physical or sexual nature, then you could be entitled to financial compensation through CICA. Get in touch with our local personal injury solicitors, here, for a no-obligation chat to discuss your situation. Alternatively, visit our offices in Garstang, Lancaster, or Longridge for the Preston area.